Bore water on small farms

As I’ve written previously, secure water on your small farm is one of the most important inputs no matter if you just want a small vegetable garden or to keep livestock as well. One option is dam water, but on some properties the soil doesn’t hold water, and if you don’t get regular rain, dams can dry up.
If you can find good bore water on your property, you are guaranteed a supply of water, even through a drought, however it is not always easy to find water underground.

Not all areas will have suitable underground water, so the best place to start is to talk to neighbours and your local drilling company. They will be able to advise whether there are any good bores on nearby properties, which could mean you have a chance of finding water at your place. Ideally, you want to find water with low salinity (salt content) and with sufficient flow for your desired usage. As a rough guide, most plants grow better with a salt content less than 700 ppm, chickens and pigs can tolerate around to 3000 ppm, beef cattle up to 4000 ppm (less for dairy cattle) and sheep up to 5000 ppm. The minerals in the water can also be a problem if they are present in high concentrations, so its best to get water tested in a laboratory. Unfortunately, you can’t be sure what you’re going to get until you start to drill, but you can ask around and find out what the water is like on other properties. 

If you do some research and think you have a good chance of finding good water on your property, you can start to choose potential bore sites. We have tried sites that have been divined and sites that have been chosen by the drillers and so far, the drillers are doing better, hitting water at one out of two tries, whereas the hole at the divined site was dry.
Capped farm bore
Whether you use a diviner or a driller to help you choose a bore site, try to find someone who has a good reputation for knowing your area and finding water. When you drill a bore, you will pay by the metre, no matter if they find water. You need to decide in advance how much you want to spend and how deep you are willing to go before you give up on a hole."Water on your small farm is one of the most important inputs no matter if you just want a small vegetable garden or to keep livestock."
If you are lucky and find good water at a decent flow rate, then all you have to do is equip your bore with a pump and organise pipework to get the water where you want to use it. If you are careful with the water, and don’t waste it, you should have a good supply even through dry years, although water levels and flows can decrease during prolonged dry weather.

To me, having a bore drilled is a bit like gambling, you could waste a lot of money for nothing, but if you do hit good water you can feel like you won the lottery (and greatly improve the value of your property at the same time).

References for stock water salinity tolerance:
The author Liz lives on eight acres in south east Queensland, Australia, with her husband Peter and two dogs. They have a passion for small-scale organic farming  and producing and eating real food. They keep chickens, beef steers, two jersey cows and a big vegetable garden. Liz writes a blog about their farm to both inspire and help others who are interested in self-sufficiency, sustainability and permaculture. https://eight-acres.com.au
News Category

New Forum Topics

Topic Replies Last post Forum
5542 https://blog.pillsforweightloss.club/purefit-keto-shark-tank-uk/
by purefitketosha… on Thu, 04/25/2019 - 16:48
0
by purefitketosha…
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 16:48
Business & marketing
5537 Dorper and Johnson grass
by krooges on Sat, 04/20/2019 - 11:44
2
by JafesTrend
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 14:41
Sheep
5536 NLIS CONFUSION
by RedGums on Fri, 04/19/2019 - 15:00
1
by barb
Tue, 04/23/2019 - 13:12
Goats
2644 Cattle branding - fire v electric
by Comraich on Mon, 11/02/2015 - 14:33
6
by [email protected]
Mon, 04/22/2019 - 14:50
Farming Help
5538 New member looking for Dorper lambs in Noth Brisbane area
by Darryl1377 on Sun, 04/21/2019 - 17:40
0
by Darryl1377
Sun, 04/21/2019 - 17:40
New Members
5522 Total newbies on 8 acres Vic
by shelle on Thu, 04/11/2019 - 10:56
1
by admin
Tue, 04/16/2019 - 16:07
New Members
5523 Dairy cow, when?
by shelle on Thu, 04/11/2019 - 11:19
0
by shelle
Thu, 04/11/2019 - 11:19
Farm skills & knowledge
5501 Goat feed pellets from fruits and vegetable pulp
by shadabkn on Sat, 03/30/2019 - 07:55
2
by admin
Wed, 04/10/2019 - 11:07
Livestock
5520 Assignment help
by AJD on Mon, 04/08/2019 - 13:22
0
by AJD
Mon, 04/08/2019 - 13:25
General Forum
5503 Agistment gone bad!
by frontess on Mon, 04/01/2019 - 21:35
1
by admin
Tue, 04/02/2019 - 11:02
General Forum
5474 Olive saplings in victoria
by nizfer2019 on Mon, 02/18/2019 - 04:15
2
by nizfer2019
Sun, 03/24/2019 - 13:25
Farming Help
5486 Diversify with Aqilaria crassna
by DebbieP on Wed, 03/20/2019 - 20:06
1
by Albertgotdonkey
Fri, 03/22/2019 - 12:31
Business & marketing
5370 How to Package
by Barpajack on Thu, 01/03/2019 - 12:51
1
by Albertgotdonkey
Thu, 03/21/2019 - 09:34
Farm planning
5472 pto seeder
by summit1966 on Sat, 02/16/2019 - 15:55
4
by Albertgotdonkey
Wed, 03/20/2019 - 11:56
Farming Help
5363 Olive trees
by lazzaman on Sat, 12/22/2018 - 19:39
8
by db51
Tue, 03/19/2019 - 17:30
General Forum
5484 Abattoir options
by summit1966 on Sun, 03/17/2019 - 22:43
0
by summit1966
Mon, 04/01/2019 - 14:33
Butcher meat
5476 Slashing native grasses for horses?
by skye on Tue, 03/05/2019 - 17:39
1
by greggy
Sat, 03/09/2019 - 18:30
Farming Help
5453 Pasture Improvement Costs
by @Nick on Mon, 01/14/2019 - 19:44
2
by skye
Tue, 03/05/2019 - 17:34
Farming Help
5473 Acreage with a tree plantation
by Dan13L on Mon, 02/18/2019 - 01:43
1
by admin
Tue, 02/26/2019 - 16:30
General Forum
5469 Raising cattle for profit
by karinya2018 on Tue, 02/12/2019 - 22:26
1
by admin
Thu, 02/14/2019 - 15:45
Cattle

Our Sponsors

Our Partners